It has been speculated that Karl XII was born with Asperger syndrome, causing him to lack empathy and making social interactions difficult. The statue beside which this drama played out is of Karl XII, king of Sweden from 1697 until his death on 30 November 1718. Taking the throne at only 15 years old, most of his reign was spent in battle as in 1700, a coalition consisting of Russia, Denmark-Norway and Poland-Saxony declared war on Sweden, looking to reduce the great power's might on the Baltic Sea. However, during his later years he became a strict man who seemed to only care for warfare. King of Sweden 1682-1718. Although being present during the Battle of Poltava, Karl XII did not command the Swedish army because of a wound that disabled his ability to ride (he strictly believed that any general must fight alongside the soldiers in the frontline). Docent Emeritus in Economic History, University of Umeå, Sweden. The statue is at the southerly edge of the Kungstradgarden, itself a nice green space. An historical film depicting the life of Charles XII of Sweden (1682-1718), who oversaw the expansion of the Swedish Empire until its defeat at the Battle of Poltava. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a branch line of the House of Wittelsbach. She stresses the Great Northern War, relating Charles XII's military campaigns in Denmark, Russia, Poland-Lithuania, Saxony, and Norway. The king immediately negotiated for Rehnskiöld's release, while refusing to put any effort into making Lewenhaupt return safely (the dishonored general later died in Russian captivity). He was, however, also a ruler of the early Enlightenment era, promoting domestic reforms of significance. The following is a list of the battles he held command in: There are many different and few reliable sources describing Karl XII's private behavior, although his personality was often described as very strict and militaristic. He is considered to be the last king of the Swedish Empire, and his death caused great turmoil throughout the country that eventually lead to military defeat. He also had a ton of administrative ideas, some very good, others not so much. He was the last to … Charles XII had been carefully prepared for his task by excellent tutors and governors. For images of his Stockholm statue see subcategory Karl XII:s staty. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Directed by John W. Brunius. He was often willing to listen to his advisors, but once he had decided a course of action there was no way to persuade him otherwise - he has commonly been seen as the average absolute monarch, demanding complete obedience and loyalty from everyone around him. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He was the second child and the first son of Charles XI of Sweden and Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark. Carl XII (1682-1718), in Swedish Karl XII and in English alternately referred to as Charles, was King of Sweden 1697-1718. After his father’s death in April 1697, Charles XII had to take on the burden of absolute kingship—he was the first and only Swedish king born to absolutism—when he was barely 15 years old. The later portion of the life of Charles XII of Sweden is depicted in this historical drama. von 1660 bis 1697 Herzog des Herzogtums Bremen-Verden. His father died when he was four years old, so Charles was educated by his … Charles’s responsibility in planning and executing armed operations constantly increased, so that from 1702 he became the superior of most of his officers. Karl_XII_Of_Sweden 0 points 1 point 2 points 1 year ago It was a prebuilt, from where I bought it was a dell inspiron 5675, personally I've been to the site where I had purchased it from gave no information on it exactly, if that wouldn't work would the R5 2600x be compatible Karl XII av Sverige, von der Pfalz-Zweibrücken, Kung: Also Known As: "Carolus" Birthdate: June 17, 1682: Birthplace: Stockholm, Sverige (Sweden) Death: November 30, 1718 (36) Halden, Norge (Norway) Place of Burial: Riddarholm Church - Stockholm: Immediate Family: Charles was by then already on his way to Turkish-held territory, where he hoped to find allies. His first necessity in 1706, however, was to secure Sweden’s position in relation to Russia, which, under Peter I the Great, had from 1703 onward made good use of Charles XII’s campaigns in Poland to train its army and undertake a piecemeal conquest of the Swedish east Baltic provinces. Karl XII was fluent in French, but he refused to speak it in his own country, saying that "a Frenchman who come to Sweden has no right to demand of me that I speak his language; nor have I a right to demand him to speak Swedish in France". Sweden Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. As a child, he was a keen observer of the political and military matters of his kingdom, while preparing to rule the kingdom someday. Charles was the only surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder. Al Stewart's song "The Coldest Winter in Memory" deals primarily with Charles's military campaign and defeat by Peter the Great. Charles XII of Sweden (1682-1718). Members from Sweden’s Nest 1 honoured fallen Swedish heroes in Stockholm on 30 November.. Members from Nest 1 gathered in Stockholm on the evening of 30 November to hold the annual memorial for Karl XII and his Caroleans on the anniversary of the king’s death.. The attack failed, and three days later the bulk of the Swedish Army surrendered to the Russians at Perevolochna. Karl XII is one of the most famous Swedish warrior kings, belonging to the Carolean Era and being a direct descendant of Karl XI and Karl X Gustav. Karl XII was extremely disobedient as a child, enjoying practical jokes aimed at servants, nobles and commoners alike. Today, there are theories that he was in fact assassinated by his own men, and many individuals have been suspected for this crime. The statue was erected in 1868, the 150th anniversary of his death. A remarkable tactician, Karl XII commanded some of Sweden's greatest victories and commenced an initially successful invasion of Russia. Nouvelle Edition, Revue & Corrig e Par N. Salmon. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Karl den XII, 1682-1718, king of Sweden (Axel Sparre) - Nationalmuseum - 15793.tif 2,835 × 4,095; 33.24 MB Karl XII - Hyacinthe Rigaud.jpg 561 × 680; 192 KB Carl XII of Sweden … Karl XII, del II. Charles XI had stipulated a regency, but the regents proved anxious to obtain the new king’s concurrence in all decisions, and the Riksdag called in November 1697 declared him of age. He commanded many successful battles throughout the Great Northern War and often overcame far more numerous enemy armies. Warrior Kings of Sweden: The Rise of an Empire in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries. Par Monsieur de Voltaire. Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Karl XI. König von Schweden 1682-1718. King Karl XII of Sweden was born 17 June 1682 as the son of King Karl XI and the Danish-born Ulrika Eleonora. Charles was not unmindful of Sweden’s role in central and western Europe; his support of the Silesian Protestants against the Catholic Habsburg emperor was firmly based on the Swedish guarantee of the Peace of Westphalia, and he continued that policy of the “balancing role” between the great coalitions of the west to which Swedish rulers and statesmen since 1660 had aspired in the hope of achieving prestige and territory by armed mediation in suitable circumstances. Charles XII was one of the most talented military leaders of the Early Modern era. Hatton focuses on the political, diplomatic, and military life of the Swedish monarch in this massive study. Charles XII, sometimes Carl (Swedish: Karl XII) or Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. One of the most capable commanders in Eu… Karl XII reigned in Sweden from 1697 until 1709. Soon after he became king, a three-part coalition sided against him, headed by the rising power to the east, Russia. Carl XII konge av Sverige 1682-1718. ), king of Sweden (1697–1718), an absolute monarch who defended his country for 18 years during the Great Northern War and promoted significant domestic reforms. He launched a disastrous invasion of Russia (1707–09), resulting in the complete collapse of the Swedish armies and the loss of Sweden’s status … MEMORIAL. Soon after he became king, a three-part coalition sided against him, headed by the rising power to the east, Russia. Prince Charles was the second child and eldest (and only surviving) son of Charles XI of Sweden and Ulrika Eleonora of Denmark. ... of 2; Volume 2 Charles XI, also Carl (Swedish language: Karl XI) also Charles IV (24 November 1655 – 5 April 1697 OS) was King of Sweden from 1660 until his death, in a period of Swedish history known as the Swedish Empire (1611–1718). He was never married and had no mistress, thus never producing a heir, and once called the Carolean army his children. He launched a disastrous invasion of Russia (1707–09), resulting in the complete collapse of the Swedish armies and the loss of Sweden’s status as a great power. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Charles-XII, Pierre Marteau - Biography of Charles XII, The History Learning Site - Biography of Charles XII, Charles XII - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The speedy success hoped for by the three allied powers did not materialize, and rumours of rebellion by the Swedish nobility against the absolutist monarchy, in case of war, proved false. He made a cardinal error by marching on Moscow and he should have attacked and conquered St Petersburg instead. After negotiations for Charles’s marriage to a Danish cousin, the daughter of Christian V, were begun on Denmark’s initiative, Charles’s advisers held back until the outcome of Danish negotiations with other powers was known. war der Sohn von Karl X. Gustav von Schweden und dessen Frau Hedwig von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp. Then he placed too much trust in the Cossacks and his trust in them … He was the only son of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden and Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp. “[Charles XII] seldom took a more active part in the council than to cross his legs upon the table.” ― Voltaire, Histoire de Charles XII, Roi de Suede. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Field Marshal Carl Gustav Rehnskiöld had valiantly fought against incredible odds and personally defended himself until disarmed, while general Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt had surrendered himself along with a majority of the Swedish army that could have been capable of defeating the forces of tsar Peter I. Voltaire had no doubt that the entire invasion of Russia was a mistake and in a critical biography he blamed Charles for the collapse of the Swedish Empire.The Swedish king’s entire strategy of invading Russia was arguably unrealistic. 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